/ Logging


Several facilities are available for logging program output to stdout or stderr.


The following commands are useful for unconditional program output:

Command Description
puts Quotes arguments to stdout
printf Formatted output to stdout
log Like puts but including file/line info
console.* Versions of above commands that output to stderr
Channel Output to stderr/stdout channels

See System and console for details. All commands except printf automatically add a newline.


Quotes all arguments and outputs them to stdout.

puts("Batman begins");
var X = {a:1, b:"two"};
puts(X.a, X.b);


Batman begins
{ a:1, b:"two" }
1 two


Processes arguments according to format and outputs to stdout.

printf("Batman begins: %d %S\n", X.a, X.b);


: Works like puts, but includes the current file, line and function.

log("Batman begins");


"Batman begins", file.jsi:12, func()


The console commands output to stderr:

console.puts("Batman begins");
console.printf("Batman begins: %d %S\n", X.a, X.b);
console.log("Batman begins");


The standard channels may also be used for program output:

File.write('stderr', 'hello');
var fp = new Channel('stderr');


These Log commands are for conditional output, and includes the file and line number:

LogError LogWarn LogInfo LogDebug LogTrace LogTest

Only the first 3 of these are enabled by default, eg.

var i = 0;
while  (i++ < 3) {
    LogInfo("test loop:", i);


mytest.jsi:3, "INFO:  test loop: 1",
mytest.jsi:3, "INFO:  test loop: 2",
mytest.jsi:3, "INFO:  test loop: 3",


The latter 3 commands, LogDebug, LogTrace, and LogTest, are disabled by default:

var i = 0;
while  (i++ < 2) {
    LogDebug("test loop:", i);
    LogTrace("test loop:", i);
    LogTest("test loop:", i);

Output can be made to appear with these options:

jsish --T Debug,Trace,Test mydebug.jsi


mydebug.jsi:3, "DEBUG: test loop: 1",
mydebug.jsi:4, "TRACE: test loop: 1",
mydebug.jsi:3, "DEBUG: test loop: 2",
mydebug.jsi:4, "TRACE: test loop: 2",

Note, that these commands are special because, they incur zero overhead (their op-codes are ignored) when disabled.


Logging can be controlled via options from command-line or environment:

jsish --T Debug,Trace mydebug.jsi
JSI_INTERP_OPTS='{logOpts:{Debug:true,Trace:true}}' jsish mydebug.jsi

or programatically with a use directive or Interp.conf:

$ jsish
"use !Debug";
LogDebug("can't appear");
Interp.conf({logOpts:{Debug:true, Info:false}});
LogDebug("can appear");
LogInfo("can't appear");


Larger applications in Jsi make use of modules, which has builtin support for Log:

function mycall(args:array=void, conf:object=void) {
    var options = {};
    var self = { cnt:0 };

    LogDebug("MYLOC 1:", args.join(','));
    LogTrace("MYLOC 2:", args.join(','));

LogDebug("MYGLOB 1");
LogTrace("MYGLOB 2");
if (isMain())

Note logging can be enabled within function:

$ jsish mycall.jsi -Debug true A B C
mycall.jsi:6,   "DEBUG: test 1: A,B,C", mycall()

Or globally:

$ jsish --T Debug mycall.jsi -Trace true A B C
mycall.jsi:10,  "DEBUG: MYGLOB 1"
mycall.jsi:6,   "DEBUG: MYLOC 1: A,B,C", mycall()
mycall.jsi:7,   "TRACE: MYLOC 2: A,B,C", mycall()


A fallback way to enable Log (other than globally enabling it with "--T") is with require:

jsish -e 'require("mycall", 1, {Debug:true});' mycall.jsi A B C

This lets you enable logging on a per-module basis.


An important aspect of LogDebug, LogTrace, LogTest, assert is that they and their arguments incur no overhead until enabled.

This at first may be confusing, as in this example:

var i = 0, cnt = 0;
while  (i++ < 3) {
    LogDebug("test loop:", i, ":", cnt++);
printf("cnt=%d\n", cnt);

where cnt++ does not evaluate when run with:

$ jsish myincr.jsi

but does evaluate, when run with Debug:

$ jsish --T Debug myincr.jsi
myincr.jsi:3, "DEBUG: test loop: 1 : 0",
myincr.jsi:3, "DEBUG: test loop: 2 : 1",
myincr.jsi:3, "DEBUG: test loop: 3 : 2",

This zero-overhead feature is meant to encourage their widespread use.


The interp option logOpts is used to control when Log outputs details such as the current file, line and function.

If you are debugging a program and need to find where a certain puts is coming from, try adding to the top:


The same can be done from the command-line:

$ JSI_INTERP_OPTS='{tracePuts:true}'   jsish tests/assert.js
"caught error" --> assert.js:16
"K" --> assert.js:24
"caught error2" --> assert.js:28
"this assert failed" --> assert.js:31
"assert also failed" --> assert.js:34
"done" --> assert.js:36


Geany can navigate through Log messages the same as with compiler warnings.

By making your script executable, you can run it directly from Geany with F9.

You can then employ jsish as an replacement for /usr/bin/env, with support for arguments:

#!/usr/local/bin/jsish --T Debug %s --Trace true myinput1.txt
puts(console.args.join(' '));

See Shell


The assert command is used for constraint checking.

  • When disabled (the default) none of it's arguments will evaluate.
  • When enabled and the expression evaluates to false, an error is thrown.
  • When expression is a function, its returned value is used instead.


"use asserts";
var m = 1, n = -1;
assert(m>0, "too small");
assert(n>=0 && n<100, "passed bad n", true);

There are several control options for assert, including using puts instead of throwing an error:

$ jsish --T asserts
var m = 0;
assert(++m<0, 'bad stuff', {mode:'puts'});
assert(++m<0, 'not bad');
assert(false, 'ignored');


bad stuff
not bad